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Jinni Arab. Islamin mukaan Jumala teki jinnit savuttomasta tulesta, kun ihmiset luotiin maasta ja enkelit valosta.
Kaikki jinnit eivät ole pahoja, vaan saattavat ihmisten tapaan olla myös hyviä ja kääntyä islamiin. Muhammad lähetettiin profeetaksi paitsi ihmisille myös jinneille.
Jinnit voivat päästä myös Paratiisiin, jossa ihmiset näkevät jinnit, mutta nämä eivät näe ihmisiä, mikä muuttaa tilanteen päinvastaiseksi maalliseen elämään verrattuna.
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UI is only as good as the underlying data. However, such identifications of jinn with spirits of another culture are not universal. Some of the pre-Islamic spirits remained.
Peris and divs are frequently attested as distinct from jinn among Muslim lore,  but since both div as well as jinn are associated with demonic and the ability to transform themselves, they overlap sometimes.
Especially Morocco has many possession traditions, including exorcism rituals ,  despite the fact, jinn's ability to possess humans is not mentioned in canonical Islamic scriptures directly.
Feelings of insecurity, mental instability, unhappy love and depression being "tired from the soul" are forms of dha'iyfah. In Artas Bethlemhem oral beliefs, the jinn form societies beneath the ground.
Envying humans, they frequently ascend to the surface, causing sickness to children, snatching food and taking revenge when humans mistreat them.
Some jinn are nevertheless benevolent towards humans, teaching humans a moral lesson. In Sindh the concept of the jinni was introduced when Islam became acceptable and "Jinn" has become a common part of local folklore, also including stories of both male jinn called " jinn " and female jinn called " Jiniri ".
Folk stories of female jinn include stories such as the Jejhal Jiniri. Although, due to the cultural influence, the concept of jinn may vary, all share some common features.
The jinn are believed to live in societies resembling those of humans, practicing religion including Islam, Christianity and Judaism , having emotions, needing to eat and drink, and can procreate and raise families.
Additionally, they fear iron, generally appear in desolate or abandoned places, and are stronger and faster than humans. In Mughal or Urdu cultures Jinn often appear to be obese characters and refer to their masters as "Aqa".
In later Albanian lore , jinn Xhindi live either on earth or under the surface and may possess people who have insulted them, for example if their children are trodden upon or hot water thrown on them.
The concept of Jinn was also prevalent in Ottoman society and much about their beliefs is yet to be known. In Turkic lore , jinn Turkish : Cin are often paired with in , another demonic entity, sharing many characteristics with the jinn.
The composition and existence of jinn is the subject of various debates during the Middle Ages. If they were composed of the latter, they would be visible to any human with functional eyes.
Since they are mentioned in Islamic texts, scholars such as Ibn Taimiyya and Ibn Hazm prohibit the denial of jinn. They also refer to spirits and demons among the Christians, Zoroastrians and Jews to "prove" their existence.
He held that the jinn account for much of the "magic" that is perceived by humans, cooperating with magicians to lift items in the air, delivering hidden truths to fortune tellers, and mimicking the voices of deceased humans during seances.
Other critics, such as Jahiz and Mas'udi , related sightings of jinn to psychological causes. According to Mas'udi, the jinn as described by traditional scholars, are not a priori false, but improbable.
If he is afraid, he may see things that are not real. These alleged appearances are told to other generations in bedtime stories and poems, and with children of the next generation growing up with such stories, when they are afraid or lonely, they remember these stories, encouraging their imaginations and causing another alleged sighting of jinn.
However, Jahiz is less critical about jinn and demons than Mas'udi, stating human fantasy at least encourage people to imagine such creatures.
They differ from the angels, which due to their closeness to heaven reflect the spheres of the divine, mainly in their distance to the earth and the heavens, stating: "Only this much is different: The spirits of the jinn are lower spirits, while the spirits of angels are heavenly spirits".
Because jinn are closer to the material realm, it would be easier for human to contact a jinn, than an angel.
Ahmadi interpret jinn not as supernatural beings, but as powerful men whose influence is felt even though they keep their distance from the common people.
According to Mirza Tahir Ahmad , references to jinn could also mean microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses. Fethullah Gülen , leader of Hizmet movement , had put forward the idea, that jinn may be the cause of schizophrenia and cancer and that the Quranic references to jinn on "smokeless fire" could for that matter mean "energy".
Contemporary Salafi tenets of Islam reject modern interpretations of jinn and adhere to literalism , arguing the threat of jinn and their ability to possess humans can be proven by Quran and Sunnah.
Fatwas issued by Salafi scholars often repeatedly refer to a selection of Quran verses and hadith quotes, without reference to certain traditions and individual experience.
Some argue that many traditions and beliefs among Muslims are excluded from Salafi theological discourse and downplays embedded Muslim beliefs as local lore, such as symptoms of jinn possession.
The opinions of the prominent Saudi Muslim lecturer Muhammad Al-Munajjid , an important scholar in Salafism and founder of IslamQA , are repeated over several online sources, and is also cited by IslamOnline and Islamicity.
Similar Islamawareness. Further Muhammad Al-Munajjid, asserts that reciting various Quranic verses and adhkaar devotional acts involving the repetition of short sentences glorifying God "prescribed in Sharia Islamic law " can protect against jinn,  associating Islamic healing rituals common across Islamic culture with shirk polytheism.
Affirmation on the existence of jinn as sapient creatures living along with humans is still widespread in the Middle Eastern world and mental illnesses are still often attributed to jinn possession.
The low rate in Central Asia might be influenced by Soviet religious oppression. Sleep paralysis is conceptualized as a "Jinn attack" by many sleep paralysis sufferers in Egypt as discovered by Cambridge neuroscientist Baland Jalal.
However, despite belief in jinn being prevalent in Iran's folklore especially among the stronger believers of Islam, some phenomena such as sleep paralysis were traditionally attributed to other supernatural beings; in the case of sleep paralysis, it was bakhtak night hag.
But at least in some areas of Iran, an epileptic seizure was thought to be a jinn attack or jinn possession, and people would try to exorcise the jinn by citing the name of Allah and using iron blades to draw protective circles around the victim.
Both Islamic and non-Islamic scholarship generally distinguishes between angels , jinn and demons as three different types of spiritual entities in Islamic traditions.
Especially in folklore , jinn share many characteristics usually associated with demons, as both are held responsible for mental illness, diseases and possession.
However, such traits do not appear within the Quran or canonical hadiths. The Quran emphasizes comparison between humans and jinn as taqalan accountable ones, that means they have free-will and will be judged according to their deeds.
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